a) phrases as accompanied by, in addition, as well as, with etc., the verb corresponds to the first name. Article 1. A theme will be in front of a sentence that will begin. It is a key rule for understanding the subjects. The word is the culprit in many, perhaps most, subject-word errors. Authors, speakers, readers and listeners may regret the all-too-frequent error in the following sentence: 4. When sentences begin with “da” or “here,” the theme is always placed behind the verb. It is important to ensure that each piece is properly identified. Key: subject – yellow, bold; Word – green, underlines 7. The verb is singular when the two subjects separated by “and” refer to the same person or the same thing as a whole. How to match the subject and the verb: 1.Identify the subject of the sentence. 2.Decide whether the theme is singular or plural.
3.Finally, decide which form of verb corresponds to the subject. Article 7. Use a singular verb with distances, periods, sums of money, etc., if they are considered a unit. Rule6: “There” and “here” are never subjects. In sentences that begin with these words, the theme is usually found later in the sentence. For example, there were five books on the shelf. (were, corresponds to the theme of the book) One of the results of the latest experiments published in the latest issue of the journal is particularly highlighted. [Comment: In this example, “recent experiments” have been published, thus a plural verb.] This sentence refers to the individual efforts of each crew member.
The Gregg Reference Manual provides excellent explanations for the subject-verb agreement (section 10: 1001). The verb-subject agreement is one of the most fundamental parts of the English Grammer and is often repeated in trials. Checking and practicing the rules with a few questions for each will help you fully understand the agreement between themes and verb and avoid many common errors that occur in the exam. 2. Two themes linked by “and” have a plural verb: Example: The motorcycle and the car rush on the road. 14. Unspecified pronouns usually take individual verbs (with a few exceptions). Example: The list of items is on the desktop. If you know that the list is the topic, then choose for the verb. RULE2: The subject number (singular or plural) is not changed by words (or expressions) that lie between the subject and the verb. Example: One of the fields is open. Here is the theme “one” and the verb “is” are both singulated.
Note that if the sentence had been the following, the verb “is” would have been, as in this case, politicians and playwrights would be considered a single name.