Most of these EU interventions concerned the protection of consumers in their interactions with businesses.  Only Directive 86/653/EEC coordinating the laws of the Member States relating to self-employed commercial agents introduced “good faith” into English commercial law.  What does a duty of good faith mean in the context of an explicit duty to act in good faith? In general, the duty of good faith is a negative obligation to refrain from acts in bad faith instead of imposing a positive duty to act in good faith, although in one case the English courts imposed a positive obligation to disclose all significant facts. English law provides parties with a certain degree of flexibility in the language that can be used to establish an obligation of good faith (e.B.