The existence of fundamental disagreements between the Soviet Union and the United States prevented the conclusion of a peace agreement with Germany. The founding of the Federal Republic of Germany in September 1949 was facilitated by the fact that the three Western occupying powers had unified their zones economically and put in place procedures for the re-establishment of a German nation (London Convention on Germany, June 1948). After also defining the respective areas of competence for the future state and the occupiers (the Washington Agreements on Germany, April 1949), they began to entrust an increasingly important role to the former. Finally, a simple peace protocol, the Treaty of Paris (October 1954), ended the occupation and replaced it with the presence of “security forces”. The treaty was approved by the Senate on April 1, 1955. … Part of Ukraine in the 1947 Paris Peace Treaty. The Transcarpaths, which returned from Hungary to Czechoslovakia in 1944, were ceded to Ukraine in 1945 by a Czech-Soviet government agreement. In 1945, Ukraine became a founding member of the United Nations and then signed peace treaties… The main concern of the American treaties after the Second World War was security cooperation in a post-war climate marked by ideological conflicts with the Soviet Union, the bipolarization of the world between these two powers, the destruction of colonial empires and the emergence of nearly ninety new nations, economic inequality and dependence on nuclear weapons as a deterrent. As a result, the United States has not been able to pursue its traditional (moderate and reserved) contractual policy. Indeed, since 1945, it has entered into more contracts (without agreement) than any other nation, and almost all have been new type. These included assistance agreements, participation in the United Nations, peace agreements, alliances, deterrence treaties and treaties that address a wide range of issues that traditionally: human rights, ecology, environment and resources, global warming, the prohibition of chemical weapons and other weapons of mass destruction, access to space and future use of space.
, copyright and intellectual property protection, as well as biotechnology and human cloning. At the end of World War II, Germany was divided into four zones of occupation, each under surveillance by one of the allied powers: the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union. Shortly thereafter, at the beginning of the Cold War, this gap became permanent, with the Soviet zone of East Germany becoming an autonomous country (the German Democratic Republic) and the other three countries of West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany). But there was no peace treaty between “Germany” and the other four powers. That changed in the fall of 1990, when the two Germans and the four powers set conditions and signed the following treaty, sometimes called, in recognition of its signatories, the “two plus four” treaty, which was the final peace agreement of world war II.