Follow the link for more information on the implementation of trade and sustainable development (TSD) in trade agreements – TSD Committees and civil society meetings This blog post, based on our broader study (here), describes the profound changes that have taken place in Ukrainian trade over the past five years. It shows that Russia`s fears of a reorientation of Ukraine`s trade towards the West have become a reality. Before the treaty was signed, about one third of Ukraine`s foreign trade was with the European Union (EU); another third was with Russia.  In 2014, the European Parliament adopted a resolution which states that “in accordance with Article 49 of the Treaty on European Union, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine, as well as any other European country, have a European perspective and may apply for EU membership in accordance with the principles of democracy, respect for fundamental freedoms and human rights. rights of minorities and the guarantee of the rule of law.” to formally recognize the possibility of the three countries joining the EU in a future way.  From the end of the 18th century, most of Ukraine was the first part of the Russian Empire. Subsequently, Western Ukraine was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and then passed to the Second Polish Republic until the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939.  Ukraine joined the Soviet Union (russian and Ukrainian SSR united in the Soviet Union from 1922) until Ukraine was independent of the Soviet Union on 24 August 1991.  Independent Ukraine (since 1991) originally maintained close relations with Russia and, as such, the Ukrainian economy was integrated into the Russian economy.
  If Ukraine decides on the agreement, the Customs Union of the Eurasian Economic Commission would withdraw from Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia from free trade agreements with the country, said Russian Presidential Adviser Sergei Glazyev.  On 21 November 2013, a Ukrainian government decree suspended preparations for the signing of the agreement, which was to be signed at an EU summit in Vilnius from 28 to 29 November 2013, and it was not signed. [h]         The decision to organize the signing of the Association Agreement led to the Ukrainian revolution in 2014.   The trade dynamics reflect the military and trade conflict with Russia, as well as the evolution of GDP: Ukraine experienced a deep recession in 2014-2015, followed by a moderate recovery.